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5.1 Human Rights - General

Class Outline 

    1. Human rights and spaces
            Human rights in real world  - UN Declaration in 1948,...
            Human rights in cyberspace
            Human rights in mixed space

   2. Overview of major issues
            Freedom of expression and association
            Content policy

Class Description (by APC)
        Internet rights are human rights
        Introduction to human rights, ICTs and the Internet
        Freedom of association and freedom of assembly
        Freedom of expression and freedom of information
        The right to privacy

Class Description (by Chinmayi Arun)

    This class will tease out the ways in which human rights are impacted by the internet. 
    This will include the widely discussed rights of freedom of expression and privacy, 
    as well as related and subsidiary rights like freedom of association and the right to access information. 
    Discussions will range from censorship, blocking and surveillance to questions of algorithmic 
    decision-making, the right to be de-indexed and free access to walled gardens.

Class Description (by KS Park)
    - Freedom of speech and intermediary liability
    - Hate speech regulation
    - Privacy, data protection, anonymity
    - Net neutrality and right to access
    - Open government and right to know

Class Description (IT for Change/Anita Gurumurthy,..)

    The United Nations Human Rights Council has observed that the same rights that people have offline must also be protected online. What does it mean to extend civic-political liberties and socio-economic rights into online spaces? This lecture will analyse the new concerns that our digital existence poses to civic-political rights to information, free expression, privacy, and bodily integrity; and economic, social and cultural rights to education, work, social security and full participation in cultural life. It will then examine the extent to which existing legal and institutional frameworks in the Asia-Pacific respect, protect and promote these rights online and point to lessons from other contexts. In conclusion, it will demonstrate that existing frameworks that emphasize the importance of the digital as a critical space in the struggle for human rights -- such as the 'the right to communicate' -- do not adequately help us grapple with the scale of the challenge, as the Internet is not just a media artifact but an inextricable substrata of our social life; and conclude with teasing out the contours of a new idea of 'digital justice' that can be an adequate  horizon for human rights struggles in the current context. 

Lecture Pool: KS Park
Additional Candidate Lecturers: Anja Kovacs, Anriette Esterhuysen, Chat Garcia Romilo, Mishi Choudary, Sadaf Baig, Anita Gurumurthy, Chinmayi Arun


    AfriSIG, Class material on human rights, APC/, 2015.
    APC, Introduction to human rights, ICTs and Internet, Internet rights are human rights, 2015. [ppt]
    Chinmayi Arun, Bio, National Law University, New Delhi, 2016.
    CoE, Convention for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms
    EU, Safer Internet.
    Freedom House, Freedom on the Net, 2017.
    Internet Society, Internet Policy Principles, in Shaping the Internet, 2015.
    Rikke Jorgenson, Human rights in global information sociey, MIT Press, 2006.
    Jovan Kurbalija, Sociocultural Basket, in Introduction to IG, 2015.
    Roger McNamee, How to fix Facebook - before it fixes us, 2018.1.
    N.ten Oever, Human Rigahts Protocol Consideration, IRTF RFC 8280, 2017.
    David Souter, Human Rights, ICTs and Internet, AfriSIG, 2015.
    UN, Convention on the rights of peo ple with disabilities.
    UN, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948.
    Wired, It's golden age of  free speech, 2018.1.